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El activista noviolento Albin Kurti, preso político de la ONU en Kosova

Campaña urgente frente a su juicio

Sección:Observatorio de conflictos
Martes 13 de noviembre de 2007 1 comentario(s) 2550 visita(s)

El arresto domiciliario de Albin Kurti ha sido ampliado en otros dos meses, hasta el 11 de enero de 2008, y su próxima fecha de juicio ha sido establecida para el 15 de noviembre de 2007. Las normas de notificación para el Sr. Kurti han sido ignoradas.

Queremos anunciar la apertura del sitio web «Free Albin Kurti»

Os escribimos para informar de la existencia de un nuevo sitio web www.freealbinkurti.org, dedicado a la puesta en libertad de Albin Kurti, activista noviolento en Kosovo, que se encuentra detenido desde el 10 de febrero de 2007 por UNMIK (misión de la ONU en Kosovo). Albin Kurti es el líder de un movimiento noviolento, Lëvizja VETËVENDOSJE!, y argumenta que la única solución pacífica y democrática para el status de Kosovo es el reconocimiento del derecho de autodeterminación de la gente de vive allí. Es decir, el derecho a celebrar un referéndum para elegir su propio futuro por sí mismo. Esta demanda está en directa oposición al proceso de negociaciones respaldado actualmente por la Comunidad Internacional.

Albin Kurti fue arrestado el 10 de febrero de 2007 tras una manifestación en la que los activistas pacifistas y los participantes fueron tiroteados por la policía de la ONU usando balas de goma y de plástico. Dos jóvenes murieron a causa de los disparos y más de 80 personas fueron heridas. A pesar de que el Fiscal internacional determinó que la acción de la policía fue innecesaria y que la muerte de los jóvenes fue un asesinato a manos de miembros de la unidad de la policía rumana implicada, nadie ha sido procesado.

Al contrario, desde el 10 de febrero, Albin Kurti ha estado encarcelado, y ahora se encuentra en arresto domiciliario permanente desde el 11 de julio. En la cárcel, a la Federación Internacional de Helsinki se le ha denegado el derecho a visitarle, mientras que a los visitantes internacionales se les permitía hacerlo las 24 horas del día siempre que vinieran para convencerlo de no organizar más protestas. Durante todo el período de detención, Kurti ha sido interrogado en relación a su caso en sólo una ocasión durante 30 minutos. Albin ha sido clasificado como preso de categoría “A”, lo que supuestamente implica un alto riesgo de seguridad, aunque esto no está definido en el código penal de Kosova. Albin no ha sido informado nunca de esta decisión.

El juicio contra Albin Kurti empezó el 19 de septiembre. En esta sesión, el juez internacional (todos son nombrados por UNMIK) le denegó su derecho a hablar, gritándole “cállese”. La declaración de Albin al tribunal decía que el panel de jueces no era objetivo porque UNMIK es a la vez parte juzgadora, denunciante y fiscal en el caso. Además el fiscal ha vinculado su caso con la situación política de Kosova. El 7 de mayo, el fiscal declaró que Albin Kurti representaba un peligro para el futuro status de Kosova. En el juicio se leyó una nueva acusación. Ésta no ha sido todavía enviada a Albin. El panel tomó la decisión de rechazar la petición de Albin de archivarla. Esta decisión tampoco le ha sido comunicada, a pesar de ser tomada el 10 de octubre, y de acuerdo a esta decisión, Albin tenía solamente 3 días para recurrirla. Además, inmediatamente después de la sesión del 19 de septiembre, la defensa nombrada por el tribunal (no reconocida por el acusado) solicitó el archivo del caso. Casi dos mese después, esta solicitud no ha sido ni rechazada ni aprobada, y no hay ningún abogado trabajando en el caso. Albin todavía no sabe qué abogado el representará durante la siguiente sesión.

El viernes 9 de noviembre, Albin Kurti fue informado de que su arresto domiciliario continuaría otros dos meses más, hasta el 11 de enero de 2008, y que la segunda vista del caso contra él ha sido programada para el próximo jueves 15 de noviembre. Según la ley, Kurti debería haber sido informado con al menos 8 días de antelación. Es crucial que esta sesión sea observada por organizaciones internacionales de derechos humanos y difundida en los medios de comunicación. La sesión del juicio ha sido programada a propósito dos días antes de las elecciones en Kosovo para minimizar la atención mediática. Así trata el sistema de la ONU a la oposición política en Kosova.

Albin Kurti es un preso político. Está detenido porque se atreve a oponerse. El punto central de su trabajo es objetar noviolentamente el antidemocrático orden de UNMIK. Es imposible que tenga un juicio justo en el interior de este sistema. Su encarcelamiento no es sólo una violación de su derecho individual a la libertad de expresión, de reunión y su derecho a un juicio justo. Es además una violación de la libertad de cualquier ciudadano de Kosovo. Por favor leed este sitio web para más información y ayudad en la medida que podáis.

9 de Noviembre de 2007

http://www.freealbinkurti.org/


Más información:

- Amnistía Internacional pide total transparencia en la investigación de la UNMIK sobre las muertes de Mon Balaj y Arbën Xheladini (Febrero de 2007)

- Amnistía Internacional: La policía rumana y la UNMIK deben rendir cuentas por la muerte de manifestantes en Kosovo (julio de 2007)


PRESS RELEASE
9th November 2007

REGARDING ALBIN KURTI, THE UN’s POLITICAL PRISONER IN KOSOVO

The house arrest of Albin Kurti has just been extended by another two months, until 11th January 2008, and his next trial date has been set for 15th November 2007. Statutory legal rules for notification to Mr Kurti were ignored.

We would like to announce the Launch of the «Free Albin Kurti» website _ We are writing to inform you of the existence of a new website www.freealbinkurti.org dedicated to the release of Albin Kurti, a non-violent activist in Kosovo, who has been held in detention by the UN Mission in Kosovo since 10th February 2007. Albin Kurti is the leader of a non-violent movement, Lëvizja VETËVENDOSJE! And argues that the only peaceful and democratic solution to the status of Kosovo, is through recognizing the right of self-determination of the people who live there. This means the right to hold a referendum to determine their future themselves. This demand is directly in opposition to the negotiation process currently being supported by the International Community.

Albin Kurti was arrested on 10th February 2007 after a demonstration in which peaceful activists and protestors were fired at by UN police using rubber and plastic bullets. Two young men were killed and over 80 people reported injured. Although the International Public Prosecutor determined that the police action was unnecessary and the killing of the two young men was murder committed by members of the Romanian police unit involved, no one has been brought to justice.

Instead, since February 10th, Albin Kurti has been held in prison, and now has been under permanent house arrest since July 11th. In prison, the International Helsinki Federation was denied the right to visit him, whilst international visitors were allowed to visit at 24 hours notice when they came to persuade him not to organize any more protests. During the entire period of his detention, Albin Kurti has been interviewed in relation to his case only once, for 30 minutes. Albin was categorized as a ’category A’ prisoner, which supposedly implies a high security risk, although this is not defined in the criminal code of Kosova. Albin has never been informed of this decision.

The trial against Albin Kurti began on September 19th. In this session, the international judge (all of whom are appointed by UNMIK) refused to allow him his right to speak, shouting at him to ’shut up’. Albin’s statement for the court argued that the panel of judges were not objective because UNMIK is both the judging, offended and prosecuting party in the case. Furthermore the prosecution have linked his case to the political status of Kosova: On 7th May, the prosecutor stated that Albin Kurti represented a danger to the future status of Kosova. At the trial, a new indictment was read. This has still not been sent to Albin Kurti. A decision was made by the panel to refuse Albin’s request to dismiss them. This decision has also not been communicated to Albin, even though it was taken on 10th October, and according to the decision, he had only three days in which to appeal it. In addition, immediately after the session on September 19th, the court-appointed defence counsel
- who was not recognized by Albin as he was appointed by the UNMIK system which Albin does not recognise - applied to be withdrawn from the case. Almost two months later, his application for withdrawal has neither been approved nor dismissed, and no lawyer is working on the case. Albin is still not aware of which lawyer will «represent» him during the next session.

Today, Friday 9th November, Albin Kurti was informed that his house arrest has been continued for another two months, until January 11th 2008, and that the second court session in the case against him has been scheduled for November 15 - in six days time. According to the law, he should have been informed at least eight days in advance of the trial session. It is crucial that the November 15 session is observed by human rights organizations and reported in the media. The trial session has been scheduled on purpose two days before the Elections in Kosovo in order to minimize media attention. This is how the UN system treats political opposition in Kosova.

Albin Kurti is a political prisoner. He is in detention because he dares to oppose. The very focus of his work is to non-violently object to the anti-democratic order of UNMIK. It is impossible for him to have a fair trial within this system. His imprisonment is not only a violation of his individual right to freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and right to a fair trial. It is also a violation of the freedom of every citizen in Kosovo. Please read this website to find out more and do what you can to help.

http://www.freealbinkurti.org/

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  • El activista noviolento Albin Kurti, preso político de la ONU en Kosova

    23 de noviembre de 2009, por  yahoo.com">bluemonkey

    The tragedy of Croatia, Bosnia and Kosova, clearly indicates that many post World War I mistakes must be rectified. In order for all of Europe’s peoples to live in peace and harmony, the political, social and economic structures must be addressed. The recognition of Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro, and Kosova as independent states is a step in that direction. Recent events in these countries further serve to demonstrate, that, in the final analysis, neither hostile political agendas, military action, economic pressures nor lack of Western support can prevent people from exercising their right to self-determination. It has become equally obvious that the solution to the region’s minority problem is a sine qua, non for achieving lasting stability and peace. And yet, while the approximately half a million Hungarians of ex-Yugoslavia face discrimination, persecution, violence and even genocide, their plight receives little attention from those who claim to have an outstanding human rights records. In the interest of peace, the international community must insist that minority rights be respected everywhere, including Serbia, Vojvodina and Preshevo Valley, and not only in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo, where the question was regarded as a prerequisite to being recognized as an independent State. The horror for these people started since 1912, when Sanjak Novi Pazar, abruptly was separated from Kosova Vilyaet and handed over to Serbia and Montenegro by the great powers. At the end of the Balkan wars, and the First World War, the Illyrians, people who speak a language that Albanian understand, were divided between a number of different states: Albania, Greece and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (which became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929). Only 800000 of them were given 28000 square km to live, the so-called Albania. On 1918 Kosova was brutally invaded by Franco-Serbian troops, occupied and later was allocated to Yugoslavia. In the inter-war period the Yugoslav government operated a policy of Serb and Montenegrin immigration into Kosova, which was resisted not only by the majority Dardanian population, but also by many of the indigenous Slav inhabitants. On 1999 Serb Troops and later Franko- Serbian forces expelled most of Kosovars from North Kosova, and replaced them with Serb Colons. This situation, morally, legally, politically is unacceptable, and jeopardizes the Existence of New Born, Republic of Kosova. In fact, the Mitrovica Serbs have repeatedly failed to demonstrate the ability to cope with the fundamental ideas and concepts of our times. All that represents a Value for the international community is utterly meaningless to them; Humanism, Human Rights, the right of a nation to self-determination, national independence, freedom, democracy, equity, equality among the citizens of a country, and among the various nations, justice and fair treatment of the minorities, ethnic and religious groups, and last but not least, religious tolerance, are all unknown to them. Even worse, their political leaders give long speeches to disapprove of all these globally accepted values. The Serbian chauvinism and irredentism must not be tolerated, and for a certain period Serbia and the Serbs in Kosova, Bosnia and Croatia should be placed under international tutelage that will set among them the foundations of a new tolerant Serbian approach to the adjacent nations and religions. Today´s Serbs should be viewed as 1945 Germans for having tolerated an unspeakably racist regime, and they must be dealt with accordingly. Courts of Justice may certainly contribute to world peace greatly, but in the end, Peace presupposes a Culture for Peace.


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